What to feed a guinea pig so that it is healthy, playful and happy?

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December 3, 2018, 17:33 | Animals

Guinea pigs are one of the most popular pets. Caring for them is quite easy, and even a schoolboy can cope with this task.

What to feed a guinea pig so that it is healthy, playful and happy?

Pigs' cages are cleaned 1-2 times a week, pressed sawdust, wood shavings or cat litter are poured on the floor, UkrMedia informs.

The main food of guinea pigs is hay. It should always be in the cage. Hay normalizes the animal's gastrointestinal tract. Together with the hard grain, it helps the lead to grind its teeth. Guinea pigs are rodents, their teeth grow all their lives. If the incisors are not allowed to sharpen, they grow in such a way that they prevent the animal from closing its mouth and chewing, this can lead to diseases and the death of the pig.

Hay can be bought in a store or prepared yourself. If the hay has darkened, acquired an unpleasant smell or has become wet, it cannot be fed to animals. It is better to throw away such hay and not even use it as bedding: because the pig can eat it and get poisoned.

Pigs can be fed many types of herbs: dandelion, plantain, clover, nettle, alfalfa, chamomile, yarrow, bird's-eye bitter gourd (commonly known as sorghum), spinach, clover, mouse pea, cuff, gorse, gorse, John's wort, tansy, wormwood , pea, soybean, vetch, sunflower, corn, sorghum, sudanka, millet, oats, quinoa. From spicy herbs, pigs eat parsley, dill, and celery well.

But parsley is contraindicated for pregnant pigs.

All herbs can be given both fresh and dried.

Such herbs are strictly contraindicated for pigs, such as anemone, plantain, poisonous and burning yolks, marsh wort, comfrey, celandine, borax, poppy, celandine, mustard, field radish, hemlock, poison ivy, hemlock, hemlock, dope, belladonna, nightshade, blekota ) =”text-align:center”> What to feed a guinea pig so that it is healthy, playful and happy?

If you are not sure about the identification of the type of grass, then it is better not to risk the health, or even the life of the pet – you should not offer him an unknown or doubtful plant.

Pigs gnaw tree branches: acacia, hazel, aspen, willow, birch, oak, alder, maple, and sycamore, as well as branches of fruit trees.

Apricot, cherry, and lilac branches are poisonous to most animals.

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It is unacceptable to use only green fodder in animal care: it upsets the stomach.

Vegetables, fruits and berries are fed to pigs from juicy fodder: carrots, cabbage (in small quantities to avoid indigestion), cucumbers (only in summer, non-greenhouse), lettuce, zucchini, pumpkin, Bulgarian (sweet) pepper, beetroot ( if possible, give the pigs feed varieties, although a little table beet will not hurt either), a small piece of fresh potato, an apple and a pear. Pears should be fed with care and a little at a time so as not to cause constipation. It is better to offer them dried berries: rose hips, blueberries, black currants.

There should always be grain in the feeder – whole, high-quality, with a pleasant smell, without mustiness and mold. Feeding grain affected by fungi can lead to the death of a guinea pig. Many types of cereal mixes are sold in stores. As a rule, dried fruits and vegetables, herbal granules are mixed with them. Not all pigs eat pellets, especially if their diet includes whole grass and hay. You can determine which cereals your pig likes more than others, and prepare the mixture yourself, taking into account the tastes of the pet.

What to feed a guinea pig so that it is healthy, playful and happy ?

Wheat, rye, rice, oats, barley, buckwheat, corn, sorghum, millet can be fed whole. Legumes (peas, beans, soy, vetch, lentils) – in crushed form. Large grains of corn can also be crushed so that the animal does not suffocate.

Water must be in the cage all the time! Even a slight dehydration threatens diseases. In the cold season, to maintain the animal's immunity, you can add ascorbic acid – vitamin C to the water. The body is arranged in such a way that it does not produce this vitamin itself, so it needs to get it from the outside. The water in the drinking bowl should be changed every day.

Even short-term starvation has a negative effect on the well-being of a guinea pig, so make sure that your pet always has hay, grain and water in its cage.

  • One guinea pig needs about 250 mg of water per day, dry feed – either 2 times a day for 3 tablespoons, or 3 times a day for 2 tablespoons. It is better to give green fodder in the morning.

 What should you feed a guinea pig so that it is healthy, playful and happy?

A bowl of dry food must be in the cage at all times. But green and juicy fodder should be removed as soon as they show signs of wilting or deterioration. it is necessary to increase the feed dosage by one and a half to two times. Accordingly, the amount of water they consume also increases.

Pigs need a mineral-salt stone. The guinea pig gnaws or licks it as needed.

It is important to remember that guinea pigs are herbivores! Products of animal origin are contraindicated for them. Baby piglets consume milk only in the first month of life, and then switch exclusively to vegetable feed. For this reason, if you decide to feed your pig with ready-made fodder mixtures, first carefully study the composition. For hamsters, chipmunks, rats and other rodents, the mixture includes granules containing animal fats, bone meal and fish oil. Such animal feed is contraindicated for pigs.

What to feed a guinea pig so that it is healthy, playful and happy?

If you follow these simple rules, your guinea pig will delight you with its blooming appearance and cheerful mood.

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