Who is Ovidio Guzmán and why his arrest has sparked violent riots in Mexico

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Who is Ovidio Guzmán and why has his arrest sparked violent riots in Mexico

The Mexican security forces have arrested cartel leader Ovidio Guzmán, son of jailed capo Joaquín 'el Chapo' Guzmán, said the country's defense minister. Guzmán's arrest in Culiacán, the capital of the northwestern state of Sinaloa, the heart of Mexico's drug trafficking, follows his brief and unsuccessful arrest in 2019. News of the arrest has sparked violent riots throughout Sinaloa. At least two police officers have been killed and 18 people have been injured in various clashes.

What happened? What do we know about Guzmán's role after his father's arrest?

Guzmán, known by the nickname The Mouse, became the mouse. Guzmán became a high-level leader in the Sinaloa Cartel after his father's arrest in 2016 and extradition in 2017. Chapitos, emerged as leaders of one of the cartel's four factions.

El Chapo's arrest also led to an escalation of bloody confrontations strong> with the Jalisco Nueva Generación Cartel (CJNG), which had split from the Sinaloa Cartel in 2010.

What happened? what happened

Authorities' botched arrest of Guzmán in October 2019 embarrassed Guzmán's arrest in 2019. He spoke to the government and highlighted challenges to cracking down on the cartels, which control large swaths of Mexico.

At that moment, hundreds of henchmen of the cartel clashed with the security forces in Culiacán, with scenes of urban warfare shared in real time by Terrorized civilians were posted on social media.

The president, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, said months later that he had ordered the terror attack. I personally called for the release of Guzmán to protect the population.

Why? Is there a $5 million US reward for Guzmán?

The United States has sought Guzmán's extradition for years. In December 2021, the Department of State announced the A $5 million reward was awarded for information leading to the arrest or conviction of Guzmán and each of the Chapitos.

Guzmán has been charged in the United States with conspiracy to traffic cocaine, methamphetamine, and marijuana into the United States. The State Department said Guzmán oversees methamphetamine labs in Sinaloa responsible for producing “3,000 to 5,000 pounds” of the drug a month.

The State Department also said he said information indicated he had ordered multiple murders, including that of a popular Mexican singer who had refused to sing at his wedding.

Increasing flows of the synthetic opioid fentanyl into the United States, where it has caused record overdose deaths, have increased pressure to capture Guzmán.

< p>The United States Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) believes that the Sinaloa Cartel, along with the CJNG, are responsible for most of the fentanyl within the United States

Last September, DEA administrator Anne Milgram called the police. He called the two cartels the “most urgent threat to our communities, our children, and our families.” What does Guzmán's arrest mean for the government?

Although López Obrador took office as president. the position in 2018 pledging to shift from a hard-on-crime security approach to one that tackles the root causes of violence, homicides are near record levels.

Ló Pez Obrador's backing down from threats of violence from the Sinaloa Cartel in 2019 prompted criticism that he was soft on drug gangs. Guzm  He is willing and able to deal with them.

The capture comes at an opportune moment before a summit between López Obrador, the President of the United States, Joe Biden, and the Prime Minister of Canada, Justin Trudeau, scheduled for January 9-11 in Mexico City.

Washington has pushed Mexico to further stem the cartels and the flow of drugs like fentanyl across the US-Mexico border, and López Obrador promised to leave. in October“face fentanyl in full force.”