Why heels crack: causes and methods of prevention

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July 3, 2022, 10:06 | Medicine

Rough and cracked skin on the heels is a very unpleasant problem.

Why heels crack: causes and prevention methods

Our skin, like a shield, protects the body from infections and dirt. Damaged skin does not perform its functions "perhaps", informs Ukr.Media.

Cracks on the skin are not only dangerous, but also unaesthetic.

As a result of dehydration, on microcracks and, as a result, cracks may appear on the skin. If you turn a blind eye to this problem, there may be more serious consequences in the form of ulcers.

Cracks can appear on any part of the skin. Most often, cracks appear precisely on the heels, as a result of the constant impact of our body weight on them. On unkempt, overdried heels with calluses and skin roughness, cracks form more often.

Symptoms

Discomfort in the area of ​​the feet when walking can be a harbinger of the appearance of cracks on the heels.

The first signs of the problem are overdrying and hypersensitivity of the skin, itching. The skin in the problem area becomes rough, may become slightly yellowish or brown in color.

The problem takes a more serious turn if the skin on the heels has become so dry that it has become white, yellowish or red in color, and has started to peel. In this stage, the heels can crack so much that every step when walking will cause excruciating pain.

If nothing is done, bacteria can begin to multiply in the cracks in the skin, and the heels will begin to bleed.

Reasons

Dehydrated skin is one of the main causes of cracks. With insufficient hydration, our body creates a protective barrier in the form of rough skin thickenings. As a result, the healthy skin under the layer of growths ceases to receive the necessary trace elements, due to which it becomes increasingly difficult to restore its original appearance.

At first, cracks on the heels may cause only slight discomfort, but in more advanced cases, damage on the skin, they can cause hellish pain when walking, itch and even begin to bleed when weight is transferred to the affected heel.

In addition to insufficient hydration of the skin, the cause of cracks on the heels can be calluses. These are small areas of roughened skin of a slightly yellowish color, which are formed in those places where the skin is subjected to the most frequent friction. Calluses appear on the soles and heels when walking barefoot, wearing uncomfortable shoes, during long walks.

Using soap with a high alkali content dries the skin, which only aggravates the problem. Calluses can be the result of diabetes or hypothyroidism, obesity, lack of vitamins and minerals in the skin (for example, iron). The cause can also be chronic diseases such as psoriasis.

The source of the problem can be a dry hot climate, unprotected feet in cold weather, insufficient cushioning ability of shoes.

Care

To prevent the formation of cracks on the heels, it is enough to use a moisturizing agent.

An effective way to prevent cracks on the heels — regularly remove dead skin. Regular care of the skin of the feet is the best way to fight cracks. Don't start the problem.

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