Engineers at NASA have created a new device that will independently decide what research she performed for the search of extraterrestrial life.
Scientists from the space flight Center of NASA Goddard has announced the first test results of new intelligent systems that will appear in the space probes — for example, they will be able to determine geochemical signs of life in rock samples. Moreover, the systems themselves will choose what to analyse and what information on the results of the analysis to send to Earth. They will start operating in 2022 or 2023 are more distant from the Earth celestial bodies.
The researchers explained that sending data to Earth is a very long and expensive. Therefore, scientists can’t conduct an unlimited number of experiments and to analyze as many samples as they want. Using artificial intelligence (AI) for the initial analysis of the data after their collection, NASA can optimize the data size without reducing their quality.
“This is the right move for long term space exploration. We are gradually moving away from the idea that people should do everything. In fact, even there, the computers are equipped with intelligent systems, they are trained to make decisions as a priority and highlight the information you want to show a scientist” — Victoria Polan, NASA.
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The team used raw data obtained during the initial laboratory tests using ground-based instrument MOMA to teach computers to recognize useful information. In this case, when receiving new raw data, the software informs scientists what data they can associate.
First results show that when the neural network system algorithm processes the raw data, it can classify with an accuracy of 94%. Associate the new data with the old it can in 87% of cases.