With the help of the earth's magnetic field. Archaeologists have proven the authenticity of the story from the Bible
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Now a new tool may appear in the study of history.
New data confirm the stories of the Hebrew Bible about the Egyptian, Babylonian and Assyrian campaigns against the kingdoms of Israel and Judah. At the same time, the reconstruction of geomagnetic fields, recorded in 21 layers of archaeological destruction, helped.
They are located throughout Israel. The research team was led by scientists from Tel Aviv University (TAU) and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU). They used the data to develop a new archaeological dating tool, writes The Jerusalem Post.
The instrument reproduced the direction or intensity of the Earth's magnetic field recorded in the burnt remains. So it was possible to find out that the army of Hazael, the king of Aramean Damascus, destroyed several cities: Tel Rehov, Tel Zayit and Horvat Tevet. At the same time, it was denied that Hazael destroyed Tel Beit Shean. They also found out that the cities in the south of Judea were destroyed by the Edomites, who took advantage of the Babylonian attack on Jerusalem.
This work is called a real breakthrough. The research is based on Yoav Vaknin's doctoral dissertation under the supervision of Prof. Erez Ben-Yosef and Prof. Oded Lipchitz of the TAU Institute of Archaeology. and Prof. Ron Schaar from the Hungarian Institute of Geosciences.
Scientists say geophysicists can track changes in the Earth's magnetic field. At the same time, archaeological finds with magnetic minerals help. The latter, when the temperature rises, fix the magnetic field during a fire. In 2020, it was possible to reconstruct the magnetic field of 586 BC. e.
“Based on similarities or differences in the intensity and direction of the magnetic field, we can either confirm or refute the hypotheses that certain places were burned during the same military campaign,” Vaknin said.< /p>
He added that during the campaign they plotted how the intensity of the field changed over time. Someday it may become another scientific dating tool. Researchers cite as an example the destruction of Gat by the Philistines by Hazael. Previously, this event was attributed to 830 BC. However, they could not confirm the destruction of Teel-Zait, Tel-Rehov and Horvat-Tevet. However, statistical synchronization between the magnetic fields on all 4 objects indicates their destruction during the same campaign. With the help of various magnetic fields, the hypothesis of the destruction of Beit Sheani was refuted.
One of the scientists added that the new dating tool is unique, because it is based on geomagnetic data from places where the exact dates of destruction are known from historical sources. The synthesis of information and archaeological research has created a new magnetic method.
Now a separate article is being prepared on a new research method. Scientists note that the development of archeology in Israel will mark great changes for both archaeologists and geophysicists.