Xi Jinping reasserts his control of the Communist Party, on the eve of a 3rd term
The former president Chinese Hu Jintao was escorted out during a filmed ceremony.
Incumbent President Xi Jinping is expected to be re-elected for a third term.
Chinese President Xi Jinping secured full control of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) on Saturday, during a ceremony disrupted by the unexpected exit of his predecessor Hu Jintao, according to official media for health reasons.
Dare to fight for victory, Xi Jinping said triumphantly after the closing ceremony of the political training congress at the Palace of the people in Beijing, a Soviet-style building with interior decoration dominated by red.
The composition of the new Central Committee, a kind of internal parliament of the party, was unveiled there.< /p>
Four Communist Party leaders, including current Premier Li Keqiang – who will leave office next March – are no longer on the list published by the official New China news agency .
Chinese Number Three Li Zhanshu, Vice Premier Han Zheng and Wang Yang, Chairman of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (an assembly without decision-making power), also bow out.
Considered one of the most liberal voices in the party, Wang Yang was one of the frontrunners as the next prime minister.
According to calculations by the AFP, this new Central Committee is 65% overhauled compared to the 2017 version.
Congress participants voted for a resolution to strengthen Xi Jinping's powers. State, is to meet on Sunday for the first time. He will appoint the 25 members of the party's decision-making body (the Political Bureau) as well as its Standing Committee.
This all-powerful body of seven members holds the real power in China.
The new, extensively revamped Standing Committee will be made up mostly of figures loyal to Xi Jinping, said Nis Grünberg of the Mercator Institute for China Studies (Merics) in Berlin.
Many sinologists believe that no potential successor should emerge.
Xi Jinping will most likely be reappointed as secretary general of his political formation. This procedure should allow the strong man of Beijing to win an unprecedented third five-year presidential term next March.
This third term will put an end to three decades of transition [ framed] of power in China, notes Neil Thomas, an analyst at the Eurasia Group firm.
To stay in power, Xi Jinping had thus removed from the Constitution in 2018 the limit of two warrants. Aged 69, he can therefore in theory preside over the People's Republic for life.
On Saturday, the Communist Party enshrined Comrade Xi Jinping's central role in its charter, a unanimously passed resolution that appears to further bolster its power internally.
During a highly choreographed ceremony, former President Hu Jintao, who appeared weakened during the congress, was escorted out, AFP journalists noted.
Two people help former President Hu Jintao leave the room as Xi Jinping looks on.
Obviously against his will, the 79-year-old, who served as China's president from 2003 to 2013, was pressured by employees to get up from his seat next to Xi Jinping.
After a long radio silence from the official media on this release, the New China agency assured that Hu Jintao did not feel well.
“Hu Jintao had insisted on attending the closing session…despite the fact that he had taken time off to recuperate recently. When he did not feel well during the session, his team, for his health, accompanied him to an adjacent room to rest. Now he is much better. »
— The New China Agency
It is not yet clear what caused this, whether it was to counter the power of Xi or to x27;an unpleasant moment for an elderly person, comments analyst Neil Thomas.
Whether deliberate or unwell, the effect is the same. A complete humiliation for the last generation of pre-Xi leaders, commented on Twitter Alex White, a British analyst who lived in China.
This congress, the 20th since the establishment of the Chinese Communist Party in 1921, was held in a difficult context for China, which is facing a slowdown in its growth due to confinements repetition and diplomatic tensions with the West.
For the past week, some 2,300 delegates chosen by the various Party authorities have been meeting behind closed doors, with the mission of reshuffling the party's leadership team – and therefore of the world's second largest economy – and charting the country's future directions. .
US President Joe Biden and his Chinese counterpart Xi Jining are at loggerheads over the Taiwan issue. (archives)
Since taking over the country at the end of 2012, Xi Jinping has accumulated power and presided over a strengthening of the regime's authority.
Party leader, army chief , head of state: the leader pleaded for the continuity of his policies during a speech at the opening of the congress.
The zero strategy COVID should thus continue despite its harmful consequences on the economy and the growing exasperation of the population with the confinements.
Far from the cautious diplomacy of his predecessors, Xi Jinping should make China's voice heard even more, even if it means increasing tensions with the great American rival, in particular around the question of Taiwan.
For the first time, the Communist Party has also decided to include in its charter a specific mention of its opposition to the independence of the x27;island of 23 million people.
Taipei on Saturday called on Beijing to shed its old mentality after the move.
We call on the new leadership of the Chinese communist government to abandon its old mentality of invasion and confrontation and resolve disputes through peaceful, fair and realistic means, the Mainland Affairs Council said in a statement. of Taiwan, the body that sets the Taiwanese government's policy towards Peki n.