Propaganda banned< /h2>
In July, Russian MPs passed a law targeting trans people, prohibiting them from medically transitioning, including through surgeries and hormonal therapies, and banning their right to adopt children.
Since 2013 , a law already prohibits in Russia the “propaganda” aimed at minors of “non-traditional sexual relations”, a text denounced by NGOs as an instrument of repression of LGBTQ +.
At the end of 2022, this law was considerably expanded. It now bans LGBTQ+ “propaganda” among all audiences, in the media, on the Internet, in books and films.
For this reason, a ballet at the Bolshoi on the life of the Soviet dancer Rudolf Nureyev, homosexual, was removed from the directory last spring.
Since 2020, the Russian Constitution has also specified that marriage is a union between a man and a woman, effectively prohibiting unions of people of the same sex.
The main LGBT + NGO in Russia, LGBT-Set (“LGBT Network”, in Russian), was classified at the end of 2021 as a “foreign agent”, a label infamy which complicates its operation and exposes it to fines, or even a ban.
The NGO has been helping sexual minorities in the four corners of Russia since 2006, particularly in the Russian republic of Chechnya, where the authorities are particularly hostile to them.
The Russian opposition newspaper Novaya Gazeta and several NGOs revealed in 2017 that gays were arrested and sometimes tortured and murdered by the police in Chechnya.