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Earth Day 2024: what is the origin and purpose of this day ?

“Earth Day 2024: what is the origin and what is the purpose of this day?”

Like every year, the citizens of the blue planet celebrate Earth Day everywhere. the date of April 22. An annual global event that raises awareness about the uniqueness of the world. of our planet, its wealth and its biodiversity.

On Monday, the entire planet will get in tune to celebrate Earth Day. Like every year since 1970, April 22 is dedicated to all over the world à highlight the singularity of of our planet and raise awareness à the preservation of its biodiversity amazing. This global event, which now brings together nearly 190 countries and more than a billion people, is an opportunity to look at our ecological footprint and aim to improve our ecological footprint. support individuals and organizations à reduce their impact on the environment. As earthlings, we have the responsibility to to preserve the Blue Planet, but modern lifestyle and increased consumption have a negative impact on our environment, including climate change and loss of biodiversity.

This day therefore reminds us of the importance of conserving biodiversity, which is essential to maintaining the ecological balance of our planet Our health and our own well-being. It is also a privileged opportunity to act for the environment. As every step counts, there are many ways to make a difference. the building in particular by cleaning up waste, planting trees, using alternative modes of transport or reducing our consumption of ;eacute;energy… It is also possible to contribute to the project. conservation of biodiversity by supporting organizations working in this area and educating others about the consequences of biodiversity loss. 

Earth Day is an opportunity to connect with nature and recognize the beauty of nature. and the importance of our planet. So why not take the time to take a walk in a local park, visit a botanical garden or simply appreciate the nature around us ? 

Earth Day occurs every year on April 22, i.e. this Monday 22&amp ;nbsp;April 2024.

Many activities are offered this weekend and the days following the event in cities across France. They are &agrav; find via this page of the French Earth Day website (just enter your location "Your current location", to find the activities offeredé ;eacute;es). 

You can, for example, this Saturday, April 20, join the Aux Arbres Citoyens association for a "clean up" (cleaning) of rue de Bazeilles, à Paris or to paint a fresco on the climate à the Le Moulin space, & from 10 a.m. Monday April 22, the Franco-German center in Burgundy-Franche-Comté of Dijon invites the curious &agrav; a march for the climate. The kilometers traveled will be transformed into donations for the reforestation of a forest located in the Franco-German border region. Or again, Saturday April 27, the Manger Végétalien association invites Parisians to participate in the event. a tasting, place Joachim du Bellay, at Paris, all day long. 

Coordinated by the "Earth Day Network", Earth Day is " appreciate the unique character of our planet Earth with its incredible biodiversity. According to the UN on its official website, the DNA of "International Mother Earth Day" is more precisely to raise awareness of the challenges facing our planet, start from the idea that the Earth and its ecosystems are what nourishes us and supports our steps throughout life. In short, our only home. During this day, various national and international activities are carried out to understand biodiversity and know how to protect our nature, plants, animals and the environment as a whole. Some of the actions carried out consist of: encourage à the purchase of more ecological products, waste reduction, recycling and reuse, or even promoting the fight against climate change. Earth Day Network, the organization à the origin of the movement, collaborates with more than 22,000 partners   worldwide. Today, more than a billion people participate in World Earth Day activities each year to make it one of of the biggest global events.

Earth Day is a holiday celebrated in the United States since 1970, always on April 22, in commemoration of the creation of the environmentalist movement by a senator from Wisconsin, Gaylord Nelson. So 47 years ago, the latter organized a major demonstration for the environment and to demand its consideration in American federal policies. This fashion show led à the adoption of several founding laws such as those on the protection of air, water and endangered species, as well as & ;agrave; the creation of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

Resumed by the United Nations as a key date in the calendar since 1971, Earth Day has become an event é ;agrave; on a global scale since 1990(year since which France has participated), in around 140 countries, by mobilizing, already &agrav; At that time, 200 million people. The Earth Summit, another founding event organized by &agrav; Rio in 1992 and ancestor of the Kyoto conferences or the COP21, should also do a lot to improve. this April 22. Over the years, and with a few notable years like 2000 or 2006, Earth Day, now known as International Mother Earth Day, gradually became the main event in the world. ecologist event of the planet, also anniversary date of the ecological turning point. In 2016, Earth Day took place the same day as the signing of the Paris Agreement on climate change, resulting from COP 21.

This day gains in importance from year to year. In July 2023, Antonio Guterres, the Secretary General of the UN, declared: "The&# 39;èege of global warming is over, make way for now! the era of global boiling. And for good reason: a number of climate-related records have been set. beaten in the summer last. July 2023  a &eac;eacute; the hottest month on Earth since the 'beginning of humanity", the planet experienced bruising heatwaves&nbsp ;: the 50°C mark has been reached; crossed for the first time in Morocco, it made up to 52.2°C in Xinjiang province in China, fires ravaged the forests of Canada, in Siberia and around the Mediterranean. Climate change continues to show its effects since the month of March 2024 was the tenth consecutive month to break a heat record according to the European Copernicus observatory.

The world today is experiencing a "critical moment", and according to the latest annual climate report United in Science 2021 achievedé by UN scientists, climate change and its consequences continue to worsen, despite global warming. the temporary reduction of CO2 emissions into the atmosphere thanks to the Covid-19 pandemic.  "We really don'have no more time' lose", estimates Antonio Guterres, and even à our small scale..

With the melting of ice and the expansion of the oceans caused by global warming, the level of the oceans could rise several times. tens of centimetersèquot; by 2050, explains AFP, and be responsible for more coastal flooding frequent and more violent than today, which could lead to global warming "of 3 & 4°C", underlines GEO. "But if the commitments made within the framework of the Paris Climate Agreement are fully met, it would still be possible to contain warming just below the +2°C" mark, reassures the monthly dedicatedé on the journey.

The  map of the zones   risk according to the rise in water levels, developed by the NGO Climate Central, allows you to visualize the ;érise of sea level on the coasts of metropolitan France. The cities of Dunkirk, Boulogne and Calais in Hauts-de-France, Le Havre, Dieppe and Cherbourg in Normandy, Roscoff, Brest, Le Conquet, Concarneau, Port Tudy & nbsp;in Brittany, Saint-Nazaire, Pointe Saint-Gildas and Sables-d'Olonne, in Pays-de-Loire, La Rochelle, Boucau and Saint-Jean-de-Luz in New Aquitaine, but also Sète in Occitanie and Marseille, Toulon and Nice in Provence-Alpes-Côte d&#39 ;Azur would be completely flooded in 2200, the rise in sea levels gaining 2 meters on their coasts. 

If we have a tendency to to mitigate these alarmist projections by relying on current defense works such as dikes or riprap, the AFP recalls that “if in certain areas around ;tiers, sea levels are rising by more than a meter, protection with dikes is no longer possible either.

Extreme temperatures, threatened coastline by rising water levels, drought… France will also have to face significant consequences of climate change. And Météo France, the official service of meteorology and climatology in France, today provides tools that allow you to visualize& ;nbsp;the "climate change trends in the 21st century" across the whole of France, for each region of the metropolis, but also for Reunion.

The first tool, Climat HD from Météo France, allows you to know if a particular region of France  will encounter a evolution of its annual and seasonal precipitation, or significant drying of its soils.

The second tool, published by Agence France Presse (AFP) but still based on based on data from M&téo France, is called Tomorrow, what climate on my doorstep and offers three scenarios on the future climate of your municipality: optimistic, intermediate or pessimistic. In Paris for example, in the "optimistic" scenario, the annual average temperature only increases by 1.6 &deg ;C more  by 2050 "thanks to & a drastic, global and immediate reduction in carbon dioxide emissions. greenhouse effect. On the other hand, the "pessimistic" announces 3°C more in the capital by 2050…

The rise in temperatures, leading to an increase in the concentration of CO², causing phenomena extreme weather and rising sea levels, result in:

  • extreme heat waves causing illness
  • the decrease in quality water causing diseases like cholera
  • air pollution and allergens, developing asthma and cardiovascular diseases
  • problems with water and food supply, causing malnutrition
  • violent bad weather causing habitat destruction and having an impact on human health mental
  • the deterioration of living conditions, social inequalities and access to care
  • environmental degradation leading to forced migrations and wars
Teilor Stone

By Teilor Stone

Teilor Stone has been a reporter on the news desk since 2013. Before that she wrote about young adolescence and family dynamics for Styles and was the legal affairs correspondent for the Metro desk. Before joining Thesaxon , Teilor Stone worked as a staff writer at the Village Voice and a freelancer for Newsday, The Wall Street Journal, GQ and Mirabella. To get in touch, contact me through my teilor@nizhtimes.com 1-800-268-7116