Concretely, the three-year PISA survey consists of have students from each participating country complete a background questionnaire by type of assessment. Three subjects are tested: reading, math and science. The selected schoolchildren are between 4,500 and 10,000 per country. floor on each of the tests. Their selection is done in a very specific way, via a random sample of educational establishments (whether public or private) as well as based on the age criterion: from 15 years +3 months to 30 years 16 years +2 months when the assessment begins. It is therefore not the class in which they study which determines the choice of the "guinea pigs".
Then, the selected students are subjected to à written tests with either open questions or open-ended questions multiple choice. However, it is not a question of ticking without thinking: "The most complex tasks in PISA tests require students to think about their ideas. what they read and evaluate it, not just respond to what they read questions to which there is only one correct answer", remind the organizers. For open questions, schoolchildren must even argue. The tests last two hours in total for each student, specifies the OECD. The situations described in the questionnaires are inspired by the real world. Reading, mathematical culture or even scientific culture tests… "Rather than mastery Based on a specific academic program, PISA tests students' aptitude to achieve their goals. apply the knowledge acquired to brings school to real-life situations,further specifies the official website. It is therefore skills rather than knowledge that are scrutinized. But that's not all. The approach to learning by the student himself or his social, economic, demographic and academic environment is also the subject of a contextual"questionnaire à fill in half an hour. These factors are indeed potentially at risk. origin of the performance of the students tested and can determine their learning potential over the course of their existence.
Finally, a questionnaire completed by principals allows PISA integrates into its ranking criteria the particular way in which each school is organized.Also note: each three-year assessment focuses on a particular skill. As for the development of the questionnaire, an international consortium works hand in hand with the national project directors. It is also this Consortium which, once the responses have been collected, communicates the results to the OECD Secretariat – project manager – as well as to the Committee. director of PISA.
PISA surveys are carried out under the auspices of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development or OECD which today counts in total 34 member countries worldwide, from Europe (Germany, France, Switzerland, Sweden, United Kingdom, Czech Republic, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Portugal, Poland, Countries -Netherlands, Norway, Luxembourg, Italy, Iceland, Ireland, Hungary, Greece, Finland, Estonia, Spain, Denmark and Belgium) America (Canada, Mexico, Chile, United States) via Asia-Pacific (Turkey, New Zealand, Japan, Korea). To this must be added Australia (in Oceania) and Israel in the Middle East.
The OECD was born in 1960, of the will of 18 countries from Europe, the United States and Canada to come together to create an organization dedicated to economic development.Many of the current OECD member countries are “most advanced countries”, but emerging countries are also included, such as Chile, Mexico and Turkey. The organization now describes its mission on its website as “promoting policies that will improve economic and social well-being throughout the world.” p>
First published in 2001 under the leadership of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), it is not yet not the only or first study of its kind: there is also, for example, the IEA (International Association for the Evaluation of 39;efficiency in the academic field), born in the middle of the Cold War in the United States. Non-governmental, this association still carries out surveys today. internationally on educational systems and their performance.
Teilor Stone has been a reporter on the news desk since 2013. Before that she wrote about young adolescence and family dynamics for Styles and was the legal affairs correspondent for the Metro desk. Before joining Thesaxon , Teilor Stone worked as a staff writer at the Village Voice and a freelancer for Newsday, The Wall Street Journal, GQ and Mirabella. To get in touch, contact me through my email@example.com 1-800-268-7116